Depression, a feeling of sluggishness, weight gain or weight loss are hardly ever taken seriously as symptoms. Symptoms of something serious. But that’s what they are. They are all symptoms of Thyroid, which mostly goes unnoticed for a very long time because people tend to overlook these symptoms. This auto-immune disorder shows its affinity to women as they are the ones most likely to get it.
Though there has been no definitive answer as to why women are more prone to this, it is assumed that probably the interplay between the female reproductive hormone and the thyroid hormones makes women more vulnerable to hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland in the neck. It is found below the Adam’s apple. The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones, which primarily influence the metabolic rate and protein synthesis. When the gland secretes excess amount of hormones then it is called hyperthyroidism, and when it secretes less amount of hormones then it is called hypothyroidism.
The productive years of life is when thyroid strikes and it usually affects women, and doctors are of the opinion that cases are on the rise. One reason for it could be more awareness and detection of the disease, but the other reason is stress. When one deals with stress beyond their threshold then it causes the adrenal glands to release stress hormones, which in turn promotes autoimmunity while weakening the immune system of the body. Doctors say that hypothyroidism is generally seen in women in the reproductive age. In 95 per cent of the cases this problem affects women and since this is an auto-immune disorder it is presumed that the hormonal imbalances might be a cause in triggering this disease in women. They are also eight times more prone to acquiring this than men.
The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism in every organ, tissue and cell in the body. If thyroid patients are not monitored and the disease is uncontrolled, they may suffer from more serious health problems like high cholesterol level, heart disease, infertility, osteoporosis, depression, even coma and/or death. So doctors always suggest early detection because that way the diseases can be controlled completely if not cured. It is controllable, as around 70 per cent of the people have to depend on life-long medications, but in 30 per cent cases it does get cured as well.
This depends from person to person and the extent to which the disease has reached. Early detection is always the buzzword for this disease.