World Immunization Day

world immunization week-01

Mandatory Vaccines for your Child that should not be missed!

Nothing is important than your little tot’s health. Just as we are careful during pregnancy, it is of utmost importance that we take into account the various vaccinations the little one has to be administered with. Vaccines protect your baby from life threatening diseases. When the foetus is developing, the mother’s womb acts as a protective layer from various diseases borne by bacteria and viruses. But no sooner than a baby is born, it is exposed to the infections of the world outside but it puts up a strong fight against infections due to the antibodies it had received through the umbilical cord or placenta before it was born. But after the first few months, this immunity fades away. Breast milk also provides immunity to the infant against many diseases. But then the baby has an underdeveloped immune system and the digestive system also does not produce enough acid, as a result of which, the gut becomes vulnerable to ingested organisms which can then multiply easily.

How do vaccines work?

Vaccines are the fastest and most effective preventive measures. Vaccines are basically weakened or killed versions of the same germs that causes a particular disease. To say for example, vaccine for polio is basically polio virus administered in minute doses over a span of time decided by the experts. Vaccines are given through shots, injected into the bloodstream or sometimes given orally as well. In reaction to this shot, the immune system gets active, produces antibodies and mounts an attack on the germs. This prepares the body against a real attack when exposed to the germs in the future.

Vaccines and their dosage:

Children may receive upto more than 10 vaccines, which protect them from a host of diseases by the time they are of two years of age. Some of the vaccines are given overtime in multiple doses and in some cases only a single dose of a vaccine is enough to protect a person for a lifetime. Influenza virus is so adaptable that it can make any vaccine ineffective. Hence vaccines for flu have to be given almost every year. The chart below is going to give you a rough idea about the vaccines and their dosage.

 

Hepatitis B 3 shots (Preferably within first six months)
DTaP 6 shots
Hib 3 shots
Polio (IPV) 4 shots
Pneumococcal (PCV) 4 shots
Rotavirus 3 shots
Influenza Annually
Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) 2 shots
Varicella 2 shots
Hepatitis A 2 shots
Meningococcal 2 shots

Apart from these there are other vaccines like BCG, typhoid conjugates and HPV for girls when they are grown up. For a detailed view on the same you should consult a paediatrician. You can download the Konsult App for the same and hold the reins of your child’s health in your own hands. It is no rocket science. Just a little bit of awareness is needed. You just have to schedule a proper regimenand our doctors are there to guide you. Your child can be allergic to gelatine and other substances used in vaccines. Sometimes the physical manifestation of these allergies could be in the form of fever. In that case, you should immediately contact a doctor. It is also advisable that there should not to be any delay or a miss in vaccines. This World Immunization day, let’s vouch to give our future generations a disease free world to live in.

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